The following is a list of the colonies and their exports. Nowhere was that diversity more evident in pre-Revolutionary America than in the middle colonies of Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, and Delaware. The Middle Colonies (Mid-Atlantic Colonies) I. Characteristics of the Middle Colonies: NY, PA, NJ, DE A. The major export from the middle colonies was a. fish. This fear was present in all of the colonies. The southern colonies had large plantations that grew tobacco or cotton and required slave labor, while northern colonies had small family farms. Large land expansions allow for more farmlands which result in more production of wheats, oats, and grains. The most populous of the Middle colonies was Pennsylvania, other colonies were settled rather haphazardly over the course of … Source: qa.answers.com. ), Selections from the Economic History of the United States, 1765-1860 (Boston: Ginn and Co., 1909), 16-20. Generally…are French Colonies poorer than British colonies? The British began their invasion of North America in 1587 when the Plymouth Company established a settlement that they dubbed Roanoke in present-day Virginia. Lumbers, textiles, iron, furs, and shipbuilding. The Middle Colonies' chief export was grain, in addition to other crops such as corn, vegetables, fruit and livestock. It kept ports in the middle colonies busy and helped to Anglicize the diverse population. Delaware Climate Humid and temperate warm summers and mild winters Geography second lowest average elevation long sandy beaches, marshy shorelines shallow tributaries throughout state The Middle colonies are often called the breadbasket colonies because they grew so many crops, especially wheat. Great Awakening. Exports In the middle colonies we export a very large amount of steel, grain, and corn to send back to the home land Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. People use the wide rivers in the Middle Colonies to transport goods. Washington, DC 20036, National Geographic Society is a 501 (c)(3) organization. b. flour. Americans have often prided themselves on their rich diversity. Best Answers The town carries on a great trade, both with the inhabitants of the country, and to other parts of the world, especially to the West Indies, South America, and the Antilles; to England, Ireland, Portugal, and to several English colonies in North America. The middle colonies were also concerned about attacks by unfriendly Native Americans. 13 Colonies - Free Powerpoints Continental colonies (1774) 74.00 New England 33.00 19,000,000 Middle Colonies 51.00 30,000,000 Upper and Lower South 132.00 86,100,000 West Indies (1771-1775) Jamaica 1,200.00 18,000,000 Table 3: Wealth per free white person in British America, ca. From the book The Making of America, published by National Geographic Society © 2002. For information on user permissions, please read our Terms of Service. New religious movement in 1720's.This movement changed the way that many people practiced their religion. © 1996 - 2020 National Geographic Society. The partly unglaciated Middle Colonies enjoyed fertile soil vastly different from the nearby New England Colonies, which contained more rocky soil. What were the middle colonies and when were they founded? Then in 1606, the London Company established a presence in what would become Jamestown, Virginia. Exports and Imports in the American Colonies. The Middle Colonies were more diverse than colonies in New England and the South. From there, other groups crossed the ocean to start new lives in this “New World.” Some groups arrived to pursue religious freedom and others economic opportunities. The lumber and shipbuilding industries were also successful in the Middle Colonies because of the abundant forests, and Pennsylvania was moderately successful in the textile and iron industries. The colonies were generally run by Royal or Proprietary Governors and elected colonial assemblies. The first big growth spurt for the world population occurred in the mid-20th century. Exports were the raw materials or finished products that the colonists traded or sold to other countries. Use the information in the graphs to answer the analysis questions that follow. Life of a Slave. The textile industry also grew quickly as well as exports of pig iron and its products. The Middle Colonies exported agricultural products and natural resources. Code of Ethics, Map of trade routes across the Atlantic Ocean. Any interactives on this page can only be played while you are visiting our website. The economy in the colonies, which varied regionally, was mostly centered around agriculture and exporting materials back to England. Learn more about the economics of the 13 British colonies with these classroom resources. National Geographic Headquarters Iron ore was a particularly important natural resource. If no button appears, you cannot download or save the media. What are the major exports of South America and North America? Cite evidence from one graph to support your claim. Southerners had a guaranteed market for their tobacco, rice and indigo. SOURCE: Peter Kalm, Travels into North America (1749), 1, 253-8; 243-5; reprinted in Guy Stevens Callender (ed. Globally, this time period was defined by movements of colonization, conquest, trade, industrialization, and the transatlantic slave trade. All rights reserved. It spread through all of the 13 colonies during 1730's and 1740's. … Slavery in America. The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited. Learn more about the thirteen British colonies with these classroom resources. read more. Because of the large grain exports resulting from this soil, the colonies came to be known as the Bread Basket Colonies. Why were the middle colonies known as the breadbasket of the colonies? You cannot download interactives. Trade/Exports All of the Middle Colonies were a big food producing region with corn, wheat, and livestock. The Middle Colonies were considered the most religiously and ethnically diverse group out of the 3 regions. If you have questions about how to cite anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, please contact your teacher. The New England Colonies because one of their exports includes leather and fur and also livestock. The British arrived in North America in 1587 through the sponsorship of the Plymouth Company, which established a short-lived settlement called Roanoke in present-day Virginia. Three rivers -- Susquehanna, Delaware, and Hudson -- tapped fur trade in the interior and exploration into the backcountry. read more, 12. New York and Pennsylvania dominated exports from the Middle Colonies in these years, together accounting for more than 96 percent of the value of regional exports (see Appendix Table 1). These exports made the middle colonies the leading food producers. 1145 17th Street NW read more, tobacco, furs and wheat were the most common exports. The natural resources available for trade in the Middle Colonies included good farmland, timber, furs and coal. New England's exports were largely to the West Indies, as were half the exports of the middle colonies, while exports from the southern colonies, the producers of cotton and tobacco, went over-whelmingly to … Of course, Great Britain liked this exclusive trade, too. Teach students about the history of the world population with this curated collection of resources. If you have questions about licensing content on this page, please contact ngimagecollection@natgeo.com for more information and to obtain a license. They named the area Jamestown. She or he will best know the preferred format. THE MIDDLE COLONIES I. Characteristics of the Middle Colonies: NY, PA, NJ, DE A. Freedom of religion was guaranteed to all immigrants. Many found freedom and acceptance in the Middle Colonies than they had ever known. The Middle Colonies had much fertile soil, which allowed the area to become a major exporter of wheat and other grains. These events redistributed people on the eve of one of population’s biggest booms. The Middle Colonies produced a large amount of wheat, corn, pork, and beef, among other trade goods. Its large exports led to its constituent colonies becoming known as the Bread Basket Colonies. Unlike New England, the Middle Colonies had richer, less rocky soil, allowing the area to become a major exporter of wheat and other grains. 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