3 – This is a wonderful place to have some great photo-shoots. Ultimately he was buried in the cave. In 1558 AD, Raja Man Singh, Akbar's Hindu General, ruled Rohtas. Outside the Langar Khani Gate is the tomb of a lady called Khair Un Nisa. Locals have a story to tell about this place that this spot is the mouth of a cave, where a Muslim fakir (mendicant) is buried. The Rohtas Fort has hundreds of them and each one is beautifully decorated with geometric patterns. About 10 minutes drive beyond the Jhelum bridge just short of the city of Dina, you will find a signpost to the left directing you to Rohtas Fort. [1] the Fortress now belongs to Maryam Swati of the Swati family. All of them are built in ashlar stone. This style had not been used in Bengal and Bihar earlier but its emergence at Rohtas was not surprising as more than half the fort's guardians came from Rajputana. This gate links the citadel to the main fort. There is a bastion next to this entrance. It is 2,660 feet (810 m) above sea level and covers an area of 70 hectares. Derawar Fort. The historic Shahrah-e-Azam road once passed adjacent to the outer northern wall of the fort. Rohtas Fort is an example of early Muslim militairy architecture. The gate also has a room which has windows opening to the inside and the outside. At that time the place was unpopulated. The Kabuli gate derives its name from the fact that it opens towards the northwest in the general direction of Kabul. On which river Rohtas Fort was constructed by Sher Shah Suri: January 16, 2019 by Admin. It is one of the largest fort in world. After the decline of the Mughals, the Marathas gained most of their territories in North India. "[4] At that time constructed the great fort The fort is about 300 feet (91 m) above its surroundings. Like the outer arch there is a small window in the middle of the inner arch. Until the construction of the new Grand Trunk Road, Rohtas was a halting place on the main Peshawar-Lahore road. Rohtas Fort was inscribed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1997 for being an "exceptional example of the Muslim military architecture of Central and South Asia."[4]. There are two bastions on either side of the gate which have kitchen, stores and a well for water. Just past Dina you will drive over a railway overpass, stay to the right of the road and take the first U-turn to drive back towards Dina. Rohtas Fort is located in the Son River valley, in the small town of Rohtas in Bihar, India. Rohtas Fort is one of the finest specimens of pre-Mughal military architecture. The Rani Mahal (Queens palace) is near Haveli Man Singh. The inner and outer arches have sunflower motifs like the Sohail Gate. This room was for the Pesh Imam (Prayer Leader). Rohtas Fort (Punjabi, Urdu: قلعہ روہتاس‎; Qila Rohtas) is a 16th-century fortress located near the city of Jehlum in the Pakistani province of Punjab.The fortress was built by Raja Todar Mal on the orders of Sher Shah Suri. On the southern side of the gate is the Shahi (Royal) Mosque because of which many people also call it Shahi (Royal) Darwaza (Gate or Door). It has 60 steps and has small chambers that were used as baths by the Royal family. The hill on which the fort is situated has the height of 1500m. However, the legends about Rohitāśva make no mention of this area, and no pre-7th century ruins have been found at the site. The fort however was captured again by the Durranis in 1759 who drove the Marathas out of North India. It is in a fair state of preservation. The forces were numerically quite evenly balanced, although Alexander had more cavalry and Porus fielded 200 war elephants. In 1992 the government ordered the locals of Rohtas to leave the inside area of fort and state that the government would construct houses for them outside the fort. In local language it is also said "Chourasan Siddhi" because of its 84 steps. From here one has to walk another mile or so before the ruins of Rohtas can be seen. Haibat Khan, a trustworthy soldier of Sher Shah built the Jami Masjid in 1543 AD, which lies to the west of the fort. It was great fun and enjoyment enjoy pics. The walls have up to 3 terraces located at different levels. This was regarded as a bad omen and the name became "Talaqi". Rohtasgarh Fort is one of the ancient forts of India which was constructed in the city of Rohtas situated on the banks of Sone river. Rohtas Garh, Rohtas District Rohtas is noble place in India. Unlike other gates of this Qila, the inner side of the gate has five battlements. Rohtas Fort was built in 16th century near Jhulem in Dina by Sher Shah Suri to help the rebellious tribes of the Potohar against Mughal emperor Humayun and Gakhar tribes. He started the water to flow a spring using his stick. One of these is about one mile (1.6 km) north of the Rohtas Fort. There are no surviving examples of military architecture of this period on the same scale in the South Asia which survive to the same degree of completeness and conservation. Most of the fort parts destroyed during the 2005 earth quake. Jhelum is a city on the right bank of the Jhelum River, in the district of the same name in the north of Punjab province, Pakistan. [7], The fort was soon ceded to Mughal emperor Humayun in 1555,[8] after the local governor, Tatar Khan Khasi, deserted the fort ahead of the Mughal army's advances. Sher Shah Suri named Qila Rohtas after the famous Rohtasgarh Fort in Shahabad district near Baharkunda. The sanctum of the temple faces two porch-ways. The king agreed and the first few palanquins had women and children. The Rohtasgarh or Rohtas Fort is located in the Son River valley, in the small town of Rohtas in Bihar, India.it is symbol of kushwaha /kushwanshi dynasty. Sasaram is famous for being the birthplace of Afghan king Sher Shah Suri who ruled in Delhi and much of Northern India and what is now Pakistan and eastern Afghanstan for five years, after defeating Humayun, the Mughal Emperor. The beautiful stucco style, with the cupola resting on pillars reminds of the Rajputana style where the domed structures are known as chhatris. [4] The ramparts follow the hilltop's contours.[4]. Emperor Jahangir then proceeded to Rohtas and held his court here for a while. It is pertinent to mention here that when the Gakhars refused their allegiance to Sher Shah Suri, he launched an expedition to punish them. The opening of this gate is L shaped. After the death of Man Singh, the fort came under the jurisdiction of the office of the Emperor's wazir from where the governors were appointed. These tiles are the earliest examples of this technique which was later refined in Lahore. It was inscribed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1997 for being an "exceptional example of the Muslim military architecture of Central and South Asia." [1] Rohtas was also thereafter used for administrative purposes by the Sikh Empire until its collapse by the British in 1849.[10][11]. The large fort could hold a force of up to 30,000 men.The northwest corner of the fort is walled off from the rest of the fort by a 533-metre-long (1,749 ft) wall. The members of this dynasty ruled the Japila territory as feudatories, possibly that of the Gahadavalas. India has a large number of forts, the exact number being difficult to determine. Headquarter of UNESCO is located in: Major Non-NATO alloy is: Leave a Comment Cancel reply. The gate opens to the north and faces towards Kashmir. The saint died while still on work and was buried near the gate. There are 12 gates of the fort. [1] The enclosed section served as a citadel for elites and was more heavily guarded. Criterion (iv): "Rohtas Fort is an exceptional example of the Muslim military architecture of central and south Asia during the 16th century. The gateway is with floral motifs, with richer decoration on the outer face. A stupendous achievement in such a short time. The fort has been ruined and now cannot be accessed easily due to Naxalite activities. The hall is decorated with etchings of flowers and leaves, and lies on similarly decorated pillars. 4 – Rohtas Fort is situated on a hill that overlooks a gorge where Kahan river meets a water stream known as Parnal Khas. This can be gauged from the fact that the fort originally had no permanent building for living. It is a single gate 9.15 meter high and 6.1 meter deep. Goddard left, keeping some guards in charge of the fort, but they too left after a year. The gate now houses a visitors' information center, and a museum set up by the Himalayan Wildlife Foundation. Other notable sites nearby include the 16th-century Rohtas Fort, the Tilla Jogian complex of ancient temples, and the 16th-century Grand Trunk Road which passes through the city. This gate opens into one chamber which opens into another. Rohtas Fort is one of the finest specimens of pre-Mughal military architecture. Qila Rohtas or the Rohtas Fort is an exceptional example of early Muslim military architecture in Central and South Asia because it was built essentially for military purpose. About half a kilometer to the west of Man Singh's Palace is a Ganesh temple. Some Gakhar tribes were allies of the Mughal Empire, and refused to recognize the suzerainty of Sher Shah Suri. The upper portion has been cut in stone. The fort is known for its large defensive walls, and several monumental gateways. It places function over form. On the bastions cannons could be deployed. The fort is about 300 feet (91 m) above its surroundings. The fort lies on the historic GT road between the mountainous region of Afghanistan and the plains of Punjab. An inscription on the left side of the gate gives the date of construction of the fort. About a mile to the North-East of the Palace are the ruins of two temples. It was constructed on a hillock where the tiny Kahan River meets another rainy stream called Parnal Khas and turns east towards Tilla Jogian Range. [1] The Gakhar tribes were allies of the Mughal Empire, and refused to recognize the suzerainty of Sher Shah Suri. The fortress was built during the reign of the Pashtun king Sher Shah Suri between 1541 to 1548. The Sohail gate features some of the best masonry work of the Sur Empire, and was likely the ceremonial main entrance to the fort. The idol of the deity is missing from here also, though the rest of the building is in good condition. The fort was designed to block the advances of Mughal emperor Humayun, who had been exiled to Persia following his defeat at the Battle of Kannauj. The historic Shahrah-e-Azam road once passed adjacent to the outer northern wall of the fort.Rohtas Fort was built on a hill overlooking a gorge where the Kahan river meets a seasonal stream called Parnal Khas within the Tilla Jogian Range. Also the Afghan chieftain Ahmed Shah Abdali had used the fort in his expeditions in the Punjab during the waning days of the Mughal empire. [3] It consists of an inner and outer gate which encloses a step-well. English: Rohtas Fort is a 16th-century fort located on the Potohar Plateau in Punjab, Pakistan. The emperor is Sher, with long life There are seven battlements along the outer face of the Sohail gate. The stone walls are almost 12.5m in thickness, with the height of the walls (10m-18m) varying according to the terrain. [1] Due to its location, massive walls, trap gates and 3 baolis (stepped wells), it could withstand a major siege, although it was never actually besieged. Gurudwara Chowa Sahib is located just outside the fort, near the Talaqi gate. The fort is one of the largest and most formidable in the subcontinent. There are domes from the inside but from the outside no domes can be seen. Iconoclasts probably destroyed the roof and the main mandap, which housed the sacred lingam. Langar Khan is a double gate which is 15.25 meters (50.0 feet) high, 3.5 meters (11 feet) wide with a central arched opening. There is a mausoleum of perhaps Habsh Khan, the daroga or the superintendent of works of Sher Shah. [1] Further, the construction of the nearby Attock Fort in the 1580s by the Emperor Akbar better served Mughal interests. The roof of the dome like room is like a flower. The outer gate is 12.8 meters (42 feet) wide and 8 meters (26 feet) deep. It is also present in the guard post in between each gate. This gate faces to the village Gatali Ford (ravine) which is called also Patan Gatiali or Gatiyalian, the important point to cross the River Jhelum for the Kashmir Valley, thus the name. This fort is about 4 km in circumference. Derawar Fort. [1] The fort roughly forms an irregularly shaped triangle, and follows the contours of the hill it was constructed on. Rohtas Fort, also called Qila Rohtas, is an exceptional example of early Muslim military architecture in Central and South Asia. It is a double gate. It has three arches that span the length of the baoli. This resulted in the capture of the Gakhar chief Sultan Sarang Khan and his daughter. The wall is built in sandstone laid in lime mortar mixed with brick. edit; Damri Valli Sarkar (10734), from Mangla Cantt. This gates name derives from "Talaq" (divorce). The gate rectangular in shape, and measures 21.34 metres (70.0 feet) high, by 20.73 metres (68.0 feet) wide, and with a depth of 15 metres (49 feet). There are other inscriptions on the Khwas Khani, Langar Khani and Gatali gate. The mighty fort was constructed to prevent Humayun’s re-conquest of India and to suppress the Potohar tribes, particularly Gakhars who had remained loyal to the Mughals. The inner gate is a simple archway which is 3.66 meters wide. The height of the outer wall varies between 10 and 18 metres, with a thickness that varies between 10 and 13 metres. The sacred site of Gurdwara Chowa Sahib is showing its splendour outside Kabuli Darwaza (gate) of Rohtas fort on the river bank of River Ghan. The foundation of the four rooms can still be seen today. A city called Bucephala was founded nearby to commemorate the death of Alexander's horse, Bucephalus. On the outer wall of the mosque are beautiful round designs in which Islamic verses are written in Naqsh script. The famous Rohtas fort is just 15 miles away from the city. Thereafter it was used by the Durrani ruler Ahmad Shah Durrani during his invasions of the Punjab against the Sikhs. The most expansive structure within the palace is, however, the Takhte Badshahi, where Man Singh himself resided. Outside the palace grounds are the buildings of Jama Masjid, Habsh Khan's Mausoleum and the Makbara of Shufi Sultan. All of these have loopholes as well as machicolation. The fort lies eight kilometers south of the Grand Trunk Road. The Rohtas fort was built to crush the local tribes of Potohar, who rebelled against the Sur dynasty after the Mughal emperor … There is also located a dipilated pond in front of this gate within the fort, since the construction of the fort, for this reason it is now called "Sar Gate" as "Sar" means water pond. A. Jehlum. Sher Shah requested the ruler of Rohtas that he wanted to leave his women, children and treasure in the safety of the fort, while he was away fighting in Bengal. The prayer chamber is 19.2 meter long and 7.3 meter deep. [1] The fort's Langar Khani gate opens into the citadel, but is actually a trap that is in the direct line of fire from the fort's bastions. For the visitor, they are exhausting climb of an hour and a half. The room still standing today is about 20 feet (6.1 m) high and beautifully decorated on the inside and outside. The Rohtas Fort Conservation Programme was conceived by the Himalayan Wildlife Foundation in 2000 to help protect the sixteenth-century Rohtas Fort near Jhelum, and develop it as a heritage site conforming to international standards of conservation and tourism. Jhelum is near the site of the famous Battle of the Hydaspes between the armies of Alexander the Great and Raja Porus. The Aina Mahal, the palace of the chief wife of Man Singh, is in the middle of the palace. The fort lies eight kilometers south of the Grand Trunk Road. It blends architectural and artistic traditions from Turkey and the Indian sub-continent to create the model for Mughal architecture. Its central archway is 4.72 metres (15.5 feet) wide, and maintains its shape throughout the gates depth. This is an entrance rather than a gate. C. Soan. road past Gujranwala, Wazirabad and the city of Jhelum. "[4], The fort was also noted for its high-level of integrity, and authenticity.[4]. [5], The origin of the fort goes back to the Sur dynasty, where emperor Sher Shah Suri ordered the fort to be constructed after his victory over the Mughal emperor Humayun. Name Email Website. Qila Rohtas is a garrison fort and could hold a force of up to 30,000 men. There is no place for ablution (cleaning up before prayers) in the mosque. The inside of the roof is decorated with flowers, geometrical patterns and fake windows. Institute of Architects, Pakistan Rawalpindi-Islamabad Chapter Arch Vision 2002". This gate is also a double gate. The tiles on Shishi gate are the earliest example of the usage of these tiles. Rohtasgarh is situated on the upper course of the river Son, 24° 57′ N, 84° 2′E. The Rohtasgarh or Rohtas Fort is located in the Son River valley, in the small town of Rohtas in Bihar, India. However, more tourism can be boosted by developing the area and by renovating the fort. Industries: There are a number of industries in and around Jhelum city, including … This type of tile became extremely popular with the Mughals who further refined them. Sarang Khan was then killed. Rohtas Fort. Then he went on to Kashmir and back to Lahore to die. Rohtas Fort is located near the city of Jhelum in Punjab, Pakistan. The fort lies eight kilometers south of the Grand Trunk Road. edit; Rohtas Fort. The area of the fort is 3200 canals. Rohtasgarh is situated on the upper course of the river Son, 24° 57′ N, 84° 2′E. Drive on the road to enter into the fort and keep driving till you reach the parking area. An assembly hall, probably the Diwan-e-Khas or the hall or private audience is a little towards the west of Baradari or the hall of public audience. Hazrat baba Salman Paras Shrine, (near bank of river Jhelum). The room is about 8 by 8 feet (2.4 by 2.4 m). In the portions that have fallen away (Haveli Man Singh) one can still see some part of the original construction. Amar Singh, the brother of Kunwar Singh, together with his companions took refuge here. Sher Shah Suri had just lost the Fort at Chunar in a fight with the Mughal emperor Humayun and was desperate to gain a foothold for himself. The inner and outer gates are almost mirror images of each other. The early history of Rohtas is obscure. B. Indus. Most of these are engravings in Arabic and sunflowers. During Aurangzeb's reign the fort was used as a detention camp for those under trial and housing prisoners sentenced for life. She was the daughter of the food minister named Qadir Bukhsh. This fort was built in a style that draws from Turkish, Middle Eastern, and South Asian artistic traditions.[4]. It is on the eastern side of the fort. The site where Rohtas Fort was built in 1541 marked the north western boundary of the empire. It is also outstanding by virtue of the refinement and high artistic value of its decorative elements, notably its high- and low-relief carvings, its calligraphic inscriptions in marble and sandstone, its plaster decoration, and its glazed tiles. Over time, its right bastion and supporting wall have collapsed as a result of permeated rainwater and the erosion of its foundations. There are 137 steps. These tiles are blue in color. Located in Punjab, near the city of Jhelum, the historic Rohtas Fort is a fortress that was built in the 16 th century by the Afghan king Sher Shah Suri during his rule after the Battle of Chaunsa in 1539. The central archway of the Chandwali Gate has been rebuilt recently so that is the only “fake” part of the fort. It is divided into 3 equal chambers. But the later ones contained fierce Afghan soldiers, who captured Rohtas and forced the Hindu king to flee. Finally the Diwan of Rohtas, Shahmal handed it over to the British Captain Goddard. [3] Its opening is 3.15 meters (10.3 feet) wide, and is flanked by two bastions on either side of the opening. King Porus of Paurava blocked Alexander’s advance at a ford on the Hydaspes River (now the Jhelum) in the Punjab. The stay order is still effective but no subsequent government has pursued its execution and has allowed the fort residents to reside there. D. Haro. This Baoli has 148 steps. The fort remained in use during the Mughal era, and was used almost continuously until 1707,[4] though it was not popular with the Mughal rulers. They are built into the walls and are used by the soldiers on the inside to pour molten lead or other hot liquids on soldiers trying to scale the walls. As the Governor of Bengal and Bihar, he made Rohtas his headquarters in view of its inaccessibility and other natural defenses. This road had serais about a mile apart. It takes around two hours from Sasaram to reach the foot of the hill over which is the Rohtas fort. A visit to Rohtas Fort Near Jehlum. It is a one-storey structure. Categories Pakistan Study MCQs Post navigation. edit; Saint John's Church. In 1539 CE, the Fort of Rohtas passed out of the hands of the Hindu kings into those of Sher Shah Suri. Rohtas Fort. It also had a profound influence on the development of architectural styles in the Mughal Empire (and hence on the European colonial architecture that made abundant use of that tradition). Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Pakistan, "Rohtas fort — the treasure of Potohar - The Express Tribune", https://books.google.com/books?id=Ifs9AQAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=history+of+punjab+from+aurangzeb+to+mountbatten&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=Timur%20Shah%20Rohtas&f=false, Rohtas Conservation page on the Himalayan Wildlife Foundation website, List of cultural heritage sites in Punjab, Pakistan, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rohtas_Fort&oldid=992305610, Cultural heritage sites in Punjab, Pakistan, Articles with dead external links from January 2017, All Wikipedia articles written in Pakistani English, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Complete restoration of Shah Chandwali Gate, Conservation of Talaqi Gate and Gatali Gate, Establishment of Sher Shah Suri Museum in upper storey of Sohail Gate, Improvement of quality of life in Rohtas Fort village. This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 16:17. Let’s learn more about visiting the Rohtas Fort and its history in this post. [citation needed]It has 83 gates and network of many underground place and tunnels. It derives its name from a local saint named Sohail Bukhari − whose remains are interred in the south-western portion of the gate. The Rohtasgarh or Rohtas Fort is located in the Son River valley, in the small town of Rohtas in Bihar, India.it is symbol of kushwaha/kushwanshi dynasty. The fortified walls have 68 bastions at irregular intervals,[4] with 12 monumental gateways providing access to the inner fort. At the end of the climb, one reaches the boundary wall of the fort. Plaster has been used in the Shahi Mosque. This mosque is built into the fortification wall i.e. His son Murad Baksh was born to his wife Mumtaz Mahal. The reason is that they were allies of the Gakhars and consequently needed no troops to maintain their hold over this area. It was great fun and enjoyment enjoy pics. It was built in 1646.The Fort situated in Muzaffarabad the capital city of Kashmir on the bank of Neelum River. Now only 84 steps are left, which lead to a temple. One of these carvings is inside the Shahi Mosque outside the Pesh Imam's (Prayer leaders) room. These verses are surrounded by a Lilly going around the Naqsh script. There is an assembly hall in the second floor and a gallery resting on strong, engraved stone pillars. 8 km from GT road ,Dina edit; Jhelum River Bridge. The pictures is of a machicolation near the Langar Khana (Mess Hall). The same inscription is also found over the Talaqi gate. Comment. khangeepakistani (khangeepakistani) 2007-04-19 13:39:00 +0500 #6. After conquering the Persian Empire, Alexander decided to probe into northern India. soldiers walked over the mosque's roof. Outer dome of Paurava blocked Alexander ’ s learn more about visiting the Rohtas fort was as! 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Battlements along the River Son, 24° 57′ N, 84° 2′E `` Talaq '' ( divorce ) road passes! Members of this Qila, the palace are the earliest example of purely Masculine! The guard post in between each gate cupola resting on strong, engraved stone pillars eastern, no. Is that they were allies of the Potohar region Rohtas opposed the stay order still... Is 19.2 meter long and 7.3 meter deep can be boosted by developing the area by... Deep into the fortification wall i.e missing from here one has to walk another mile or so before ruins!

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