Department of Wildlife Conservation administrates 61 wildlife sanctuaries, 22 national parks, four nature reserves, three strict nature reserves, and one jungle corridor while Department of Forest Conservation oversees 65 conservation forests and one national heritage wilderness area. Since the 1980s, many private radio stations have also been introduced. Es ist ausdrücklich [178] Sri Lanka is the oldest democracy in Asia. Among the Paleolithic human settlements discovered in Sri Lanka, Pahiyangala (named after the Chinese traveller monk Faxian), which dates back to 37,000 BP,[40] Batadombalena (28,500 BP)[41] and Belilena (12,000 BP) are the most important. [133] Jayawardene introduced a new constitution, together with a free-market economy and a powerful executive presidency modelled after that of France. [238] China, India and the United States are Sri Lanka's largest trading partners. Wortart: Deklinierte Form [69], Following a seventeen-year-long campaign, Vijayabahu I successfully drove the Chola out of Sri Lanka in 1070, reuniting the country for the first time in over a century. The Dutch possessions were then taken by the British, who later extended their control over the whole island, colonising it from 1815 to 1948. Wortart: Deklinierte Form –, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Robin Conningham – Anuradhapura – The British-Sri Lankan Excavations at Anuradhapura Salgaha Watta Dishes include rice and curry, pittu, kiribath, wholemeal roti, string hoppers, wattalapam (a rich pudding of Malay origin made with coconut milk, jaggery, cashews, eggs, and spices including cinnamon and nutmeg), kottu, and appam. These Names are Modern as well as Unique. [245] Also, out of the 142 countries surveyed, Sri Lanka ranked 45th in health and primary education, 32nd in business sophistication, 42nd in innovation, and 41st in goods market efficiency. This is a list of lists of notable individuals from Sri Lanka Academics. The council was held in response to a year in which the harvests in Sri Lanka were particularly poor and many Buddhist monks subsequently died of starvation. Sri Lankan literature spans at least two millennia and is heir to the Aryan literary tradition as embodied in the hymns of the Rigveda. The untapped genetic potential of Sinharaja flora is enormous. Jayawardene. Broadcast television was introduced in 1979 when the Independent Television Network was launched. [109][110] The first two decades in the 20th century are noted by the unique harmony among Sinhalese and Tamil political leadership, which has since been lost. Derzeit gibt es noch keine Anmerkungen zu diesem Eintrag. [98] The new king was crowned Sri Vijaya Rajasinha later that year. [106] A devastating leaf disease, Hemileia vastatrix, struck the coffee plantations in 1869, destroying the entire industry within fifteen years. [104] An executive council and a legislative council were established, later becoming the foundation of a representative legislature. Tamil Catholics attribute their religious heritage to St. Francis Xavier as well as Portuguese missionaries. [102] The Kandyan Convention formally ceded the entire country to the British Empire. [53] Sinhalese history traditionally starts in 543 BCE with the arrival of Prince Vijaya, a semi-legendary prince who sailed with 700 followers to Sri Lanka, after being expelled from Vanga Kingdom (present-day Bengal). [144] From 1985 to 2006, the Sri Lankan government and Tamil insurgents held four rounds of peace talks without success. Dubbed "The Gathering", the congregation of elephants can be seen on the tank-bed in the late dry season (August to October) as the surrounding water sources steadily disappear. This step was strongly criticised by the Tamil political leadership, who realised that they would be reduced to a minority in the newly created State Council of Ceylon, which succeeded the legislative council. Silbentrennung: Vijaya (Singha) is the first of the approximately 189 monarchs of Sri Lanka described in chronicles such as the Dipavamsa, Mahāvaṃsa, Cūḷavaṃsa, and Rājāvaliya. Day and night temperatures may vary by 14 °C (25.2 °F) to 18 °C (32.4 °F). [151][152] Portions are still as shallow as 1 metre (3 ft), hindering navigation. Architects. [32][33] Ceilão, the name given to Sri Lanka by the Portuguese Empire when it arrived in 1505,[34] was transliterated into English as Ceylon. A bundle of spinach leaves( I used two to feed a family of five) Doch aus der Reise wurde nichts.“BILD.de, 24. The Sigiriya rock fortress is surrounded by an extensive network of ramparts and moats. [19][20][21] Its location as a major trading hub made it known to both the far East as well as the European continent from as far back as the Anuradhapura period. Allegations of human rights abuses have not ended with the close of the ethnic conflict. [269] There is also a small population of Zoroastrian immigrants from India (Parsis) who settled in Ceylon during the period of British rule,[270] but this community has steadily dwindled in recent years. Wir teilen Wörter in die fünf Gruppen „sehr häufig“, „häufig“, „regelmäßig“, „selten“ und „sehr selten“ ein. Februar 2020, „Shmuel M. wollte 2018 von München über Kuwait nach Sri Lanka fliegen. August 2020, „In Sri Lanka hat das erste Unterwassermuseum des Landes eröffnet.“Südtirol Online, 23. SriNames - Sri Lankan Baby Names. Dou you know how to make spiced potato curry, similar to the Indian Bombay potatoes but it is more Sri Lankan Tamil style…very smooth, soft and fluffy. [257], Religion in Sri Lanka (2012 census)[258][259], Buddhism is the largest and is considered as an "Official religion" of Sri Lanka under Chapter II, Article 9, "The Republic of Sri Lanka shall give to Buddhism the foremost place and accordingly it shall be the duty of the State to protect and foster the Buddha Sasana". [169] Sri Lanka has the highest biodiversity per unit area among Asian countries for flowering plants and all vertebrate groups except birds. The Largest Collections Of Sri Lankan Girl Names, Find The Beautiful,Rare,Stylish And Unique Sri Lankan Girl Names For Your New Born Baby [97], Eventually, with the support of bhikku Weliwita Sarankara, the crown passed to the brother of one of Narendrasinha's princesses, overlooking the right of "Unambuwe Bandara", Narendrasinha's own son by a Sinhalese concubine. Although partially reversed in 1958, the bill posed a grave concern for the Tamil community, which perceived in it a threat to their language and culture. There have been provinces in Sri Lanka since the 19th century, but they had no legal status until 1987 when the 13th Amendment to the 1978 constitution established provincial councils after several decades of increasing demand for a decentralisation of the government. Brami Jegan. Today, Hinduism is dominant in Northern, Eastern and Central Sri Lanka. Sinhalese constitute the largest ethnic group in the country, with 74.8% of the total population. [248] Sri Lanka ranks well above other South Asian countries in the Human Development Index (HDI) with an index of 0.750. Wortart: Deklinierte Form 26.5% of the country's land area is legally protected. The Wilpattu National Park in the northwest, the largest national park, preserves the habitats of many water birds such as storks, pelicans, ibis, and spoonbills. The 2011 Global Competitiveness Report, published by the World Economic Forum, described Sri Lanka's economy as transitioning from the factor-driven stage to the efficiency-driven stage and that it ranked 52nd in global competitiveness. According to the German philosopher Wilhelm Geiger, the chronicles are based on Sinhala Atthakatha (commentary). While ensuring that it maintains its independence, Sri Lanka has cultivated relations with India. Chelvanayakam broke away in 1949 and formed the Illankai Tamil Arasu Kachchi (ITAK), also known as the Federal Party, becoming the main Tamil political party in Sri Lanka for next two decades. Tea production in Sri Lanka thrived in the following decades. His work is published in Sinhala and English. [120] He introduced the controversial Sinhala Only Act, recognising Sinhala as the only official language of the government. Wortart: Wortverbindung, Wortart: Substantiv, (weiblich) April 2019, „In Sri Lanka will er nun für ein besseres Verhältnis zwischen Mensch und Tier sorgen.“Kölnische Rundschau, 12. In 1972, the country became a republic named Sri Lanka, repudiating its dominion status. The Minneriya National Park borders the Minneriya Tank, which is an important source of water for elephants inhabiting the surrounding forests. For other uses, see, For the American alternative rock band, see, ශ්‍රී ලංකා ප්‍රජාතාන්ත්‍රික සමාජවාදී ජනරජය, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill described the moment a Japanese fleet prepared to invade Sri Lanka as "the most dangerous and distressing moment of the entire conflict". [282][283] It is one of the few countries in the world that provide universal free education from primary to tertiary stage. Wir beantworten die Frage: Was bedeutet Sri Lanka? The Fourth Buddhist Council of Theravada Buddhism was held at the Anuradhapura Maha Viharaya in Sri Lanka under the patronage of Valagamba of Anuradhapura in 25 BCE. The First Kandyan War ended in a stalemate. [124] The pact proved ineffective in the face of ongoing protests by opposition and the Buddhist clergy. [24], Sri Lanka is home to many cultures, languages and ethnicities. gluten-free, vegan, vegetarian Initially, all television stations were state-controlled, but private television networks began broadcasting in 1992. [59] His mission won over the monarch, who embraced the faith and propagated it throughout the Sinhalese population. In addition, Sri Lanka became the runners-up of the Cricket World Cup in 2007[338] and 2011,[339] and of the ICC World Twenty20 in 2009 and 2012. [330] The oldest surviving prose work is the Dhampiya-Atuva-Getapadaya, compiled in the 9th century CE. This is a higher percentage of protected areas when compared to the rest of Asia. Subsequently, they moved the capital to Polonnaruwa. [303][304] Corruption remains a problem in Sri Lanka, and there is little protection for those who stand up against corruption. Wortbedeutung.info ist ein Wörterbuch mit Erklärungen zur Bedeutung und Rechtschreibung, der Silbentrennung, der Grammatik, der Aussprache, der Herkunft des Wortes, Beispielsätzen, Synonymen und Übersetzungen. [296] Alleged abuse of a newspaper editor by a senior government minister[297] achieved international notoriety because of the unsolved murder of the editor's predecessor, Lasantha Wickrematunge,[298] who had been a critic of the government and had presaged his own death in a posthumously published article. [294] The station broadcasts services in Sinhala, Tamil, English and Hindi. [207][208] Prior to 1987, all administrative tasks for the provinces were handled by a district-based civil service which had been in place since colonial times. Following a period of turbulence as Tamil militants rose to power in the late 1970s, these Tamil political parties were succeeded in October 2001 by the Tamil National Alliance. [196][197] Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna, a Marxist–Leninist political party founded by Rohana Wijeweera in 1965, serves as a third force in the current political context. Sri Lankan Lentil and Spinach Curry (Parippu/Dhal Curry) Ingredients. [347] The country co-hosted the Cricket World Cup in 1996 and 2011, and hosted the 2012 ICC World Twenty20. [49] It is said that Kubera was overthrown by his demon stepbrother Ravana, the powerful emperor who built a mythical flying machine named Dandu Monara. [264], Hinduism is the second most prevalent religion and predates Buddhism. Volumes 1 and 2 (1999/2006), Sudharshan Seneviratne (1989) – Pre-State Chieftains And Servants of the State: A Case Study of Parumaka -, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFMaung_Paw (. divisions" after the divisional revenue officer. The Portuguese possessions were later taken over by the Dutch. Moreover, there is a small population of Vedda people who are believed to be the original indigenous group to inhabit the island. HTML-Tags sind nicht zugelassen. Humidity is typically higher in the southwest and mountainous areas and depends on the seasonal patterns of rainfall. [155] Sri Lanka's coastline is 1,585 km (985 mi) long. However, in the 1980s changes to this system separated the administration of schools between the central government and the provincial government. Sri Lanka has 103 rivers. [267] Christianity reached the country through Western colonists in the early 16th century. Jan 3, 2019 - Tempered Lentils with Spinach, a 30 minute healthy curry. Most of the east, southeast, and northern parts of Sri Lanka comprise the "dry zone", which receives between 1,200 and 1,900 mm (47 and 75 in) of rain annually. The island has four biosphere reserves: Bundala, Hurulu Forest Reserve, the Kanneliya-Dediyagala-Nakiyadeniya, and Sinharaja. [129][130] The assassination of Jaffna Mayor Alfred Duraiyappah in 1975 by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) marked a crisis point. ", "Rugby: Sri Lanka, Asia's little-known rugby haven", "Final: Australia v Sri Lanka at Bridgetown, Apr 28, 2007", "India power past Sri Lanka to Cricket World Cup triumph", "John Player Gold Leaf Trophy (Asia Cup) 1985/86 (Final)", "Duncan White – the greatest Sri Lankan athlete", Official Sri Lankan Government Web Portal, Sketches of the Natural History of Ceylon, World Bank Summary Trade Statistics Sri Lanka, Deputy speaker and chairman of committees, SAARC Consortium on Open and Distance Learning, South Asia Co-operative Environment Programme, Foundation of SAARC Writers and Literature, St. Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sri_Lanka&oldid=996541778, Member states of the Commonwealth of Nations, Member states of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, States and territories established in 1972, Articles lacking reliable references from August 2019, Articles with dead external links from July 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from September 2013, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Articles containing Sinhala-language text, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, Instances of Lang-ta using second unnamed parameter, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2010, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 05:52. [86][87][88][89] Zheng He erected the Galle Trilingual Inscription, a stone tablet at Galle written in three languages (Chinese, Tamil, and Persian), to commemorate his visit. Attempts by Sri Lankan noblemen to undermine British power in 1818 during the Uva Rebellion were thwarted by Governor Robert Brownrigg. Especially in the Battle of Vijithapura significantly changed the pro-western policies set by the provincial government range from 28 (... Nations, creating Sri Lanka is a list of 31 places to visit, ironwood, mahogany and.... Subtropical evergreen forests resembling those of temperate climates flourish in the many thousands of years that make Sri... ] his mission won over the monarch, who embraced the faith and propagated it throughout the Sinhalese Buddhism. Samudra, [ 237 ] population density is highest in western Sri Lanka got its name, and the of... ( 82.4 °F ) to nearly 31 °C ( 87.8 °F ) to nearly 31 °C ( 87.8 °F to... 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